A recent Quebec government report reveals that
the unionization rate of the province’s total labour force is 39.6 per
cent. With more than 1.3 million of Quebec’s workers governed by a collective
agreement, the province has the highest unionization rate in North America,
according to the report, “La présence syndicale au Québec en 2010.”
In the last decade, however, the unionization rate for the
province has steadily decreased from a level of 40.9 per cent in 2001. This decreasing
trend of union presence is reflected throughout North America. In Canada, the
rate fell from 32.1 per cent in 2001 to 30.8 per cent in 2010. In the United
States, 14.8 per cent of the population was unionized in 2001, while 13.1 per
cent was unionized in 2010.
The report also indicated that the private sector has seen
the greatest loss in unionization. In Quebec, the manufacturing sector alone
recorded the largest decline of the decade: the unionization rate fell to 14.4
per cent in 2010 from 20.3 per cent in 2001. Across the country, the
manufacturing sector unionization rate fell to 8.1 per cent in 2010 from 10.9
per cent in 2001.
In 2010, the highest unionization rate was found within the
Quebec government sector at 80.8 per cent, compared to the rest of the country
at 68.7 per cent.